Columbus, GA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbus, Georgia - Basic Facts

The City of Columbus is the 3rd largest city in Georgia with a population of 198,440 as of July 1, 2017. Columbus ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Georgia. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbus is located at latitude 32.5102 and longitude -84.8749 in Muscogee County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbus (see map below) encompass a land area of 216.42 sq. miles and a water area of 4.58 sq. miles. Muscogee County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 243 feet.

The City of Columbus (GNIS ID: 2404111) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Georgia is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Columbus is located within Columbus East Division of Muscogee County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Columbus population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Columbus, GA Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Columbus East Division | Muscogee County | Georgia Counties

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Columbus, GA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 198,440
Daytime Population: Workers 109,706
Daytime Population: Residents 110,736
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 220,442
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.11
Population in Households 190,052
Population in Familes 151,835
Population in Group Qrtrs 8,388
Population Density2 917
Diversity Index3 65


Median Household Income $43,479
Average Household Income $61,611
Per Capita Income $24,796


Total Housing Units 88,175 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 37,264 (42.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 39,975 (45.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 10,936 (12.4%)
Median Home Value $142,532
Average Home Value $192,342


Total Households 77,239
Average Household Size 2.46
Family Households 49,153
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.61% 0.44%
Households 0.58% 0.48%
Families 0.4% 0.36%
Median Household Income   1.88%
Per Capita Income   2.39%

Columbus, GA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbus to the other 626 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Georgia by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 3 100th
Population Density # 174 72nd
Diversity Index # 86 87th
Median Household Income # 237 62nd
Per Capita Income # 140 78th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Georgia Census Data Comparison Tool.

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