Atlanta, GA Profile: Facts & Data


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Atlanta, Georgia - Basic Facts

The City of Atlanta is the largest city in Georgia with a population of 518,950 as of July 1, 2023. Atlanta ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Georgia. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Atlanta is located at latitude 33.749 and longitude -84.388 in Fulton County. The formal boundaries for the City of Atlanta encompass a land area of 133.1 sq. miles and a water area of 0.86 sq. miles. Fulton County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5).

While the primary coordinates for City of Atlanta are located in Fulton County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and DeKalb County.

The City of Atlanta has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Georgia is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Atlanta is located within Atlanta Division of Fulton County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Atlanta 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Atlanta (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Georgia Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Georgia Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Atlanta, GA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 518,950 (100%)
Population in Households 484,478 (93.4%)
Population in Families 293,810 (56.6%)
Population in Group Quarters1 34,472 ( 6.6%)
Population Density 3,836
Diversity Index2 67


Median Household Income $79,837
Average Household Income $128,001
% of Income for Mortgage4 32%
Per Capita Income $59,716
Wealth Index5 96
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (49.5)


Total HU (Housing Units) 271,994 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 103,858 (38.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 136,560 (50.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 31,576 (11.6%)
Median Home Value $431,090
Average Home Value $556,157
Housing Affordability Index3 75


Total Households 240,418
Average Household Size 2.02
Family Households 96,364
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 1.23% 0.88%
Households 1.64% 1.18%
Families   1.03%
Median Household Income   3.60%
Per Capita Income   3.27%
Owner Occupied HU   0.49%

Atlanta, GA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Atlanta to the other 675 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Georgia by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 16 98th
Median Household Income # 87 87th
Housing Affordability Index # 88 13th
Per Capita Income # 24 97th
Diversity Index # 123 82nd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Georgia Census Data Comparison Tool.

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