Atlanta, GA Profile: Facts & Data


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Atlanta, Georgia - Basic Facts

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The City of Atlanta is the largest city in Georgia with a population of 511,326 as of July 1, 2021. Atlanta ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Georgia. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Atlanta is located at latitude 33.749 and longitude -84.388 in Fulton County. The formal boundaries for the City of Atlanta encompass a land area of 133.1 sq. miles and a water area of 0.86 sq. miles. Fulton County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 1,050 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Atlanta are located in Fulton County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into DeKalb County, and Cobb County.

The City of Atlanta has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Georgia is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Atlanta is located within Atlanta Division of Fulton County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Atlanta: Canebrake, Marthasdale, Marthasville, Standing Peachtree, Terminus, White Hall, Whitehall.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Atlanta 2021 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Atlanta (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Georgia Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Georgia Data Comparison Tool - 2021 Demographics

Atlanta, GA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2021)


Total Population 511,326 (100%)
Population in Households 476,741 (93.2%)
Population in Families 291,228 (57.0%)
Population in Group Quarters1 34,585 ( 6.8%)
Population Density 3,767
Diversity Index2 63


Median Household Income $68,886
Average Household Income $111,376
% of Income for Mortgage4 24%
Per Capita Income $50,252
Wealth Index5 102


Total HU (Housing Units) 269,499 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 95,052 (35.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 133,619 (49.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 40,828 (15.1%)
Median Home Value $385,367
Average Home Value $520,151
Housing Affordability Index3 101


Total Households 228,671
Average Household Size 2.08
Family Households 94,369
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2021 2021-2026
Population 1.57% 1.6%
Households 1.77% 1.74%
Families 1.32% 1.48%
Median Household Income   3.61%
Per Capita Income   2.86%
Owner Occupied HU   1.2%

Atlanta, GA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Atlanta to the other 625 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Georgia by rank and percentile using July 1, 2021 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 10 99th
Median Household Income # 75 88th
Housing Affordability Index # 55 9th
Per Capita Income # 25 96th
Diversity Index # 133 79th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Georgia Census Data Comparison Tool.

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